Tracking Technologies Glossary
What is a Bluetooth BLE Beacon
A hardware device that enables the transmitting of BLE signals for identifying location. For use in asset management, a beacon is a tracking device that broadcast their identifiers to an electronic device within range. Users can set beacon ranges and be alerted when a beacon is out of range using FMP (“find me” profile) and PXP (proximity profile)— which allow one device to issue an alert on a second misplaced device. Beacons work well with smartphones as a reader.
What is Internet of Things (IoT)
Network of physical devices embedded with electronics, sensors or actuators that connect with each other through the internet to collect and exchange information.
What is Global Positioning System (GPS)
A space-based radio-navigation system. It is a global navigation satellite system that provides geolocation and time information to a GPS receiver anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. Transmitters are connected to a global navigation satellite system and provide asset location, navigation and timing services.
What are LoRaWAN (Long Range Wide Area Network) trackers
LoRaWAN is a Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) specification intended for tracking physical assets within a defined radius. More gateways can be enabled for scalable coverage. Like other IoT trackers, LoRaWAN secures bi-directional communication, mobility and localization services. LoRaWAN trackers operate on a private cellular network, rather than a public network by Verizon or other carriers and use a mobile broadband or LTE connection in place of Wi-Fi. These trackers are beneficial in areas where Wi-Fi connectivity is a challenge.
What is RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)
A tracking technique that uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track data from RFID tags that are attached to objects. The RFID tags contain electronically stored information. These are commonly used in familiar places such as EZ Pass tolls and department store exits. RFID is a method for Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC).
What is Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
A wireless technology which enables the transmission of data from an asset to a smartphone, tablet or other device when the asset is tagged with a BLE beacon. The smart device detects the BLE signal from the beacon and relays it to the software platform. Compared to Classic Bluetooth, Bluetooth Low Energy provides considerably reduced power consumption and cost while maintaining a similar communication range.
What is a QR (Quick Response) Code
A two-dimensional barcode, first designed for the automotive industry in Japan. A QR code uses four standardized encoding modes (numeric, alphanumeric, byte/binary, and kanji) to efficiently store data; extensions may also be used.
QR codes are popular due to their fast readability and greater storage capacity compared to standard barcodes. Applications include product tracking, item identification, time tracking, document management, and general marketing.
A QR code consists of black squares arranged in a square grid on a white background, which can be read by an imaging device such as a camera, and processed using Reed–Solomon error correction until the image can be properly interpreted. The required data is then extracted from patterns that are present in both horizontal and vertical components of the image.
What is Telematics
Telecommunication and informatic data about a vehicle’s location generated by GPS and onboard diagnostics and transmitted remotely and automatically. Standard telematics data in asset tracking includes operating hours, location, fuel consumption, odometer readings, etc.